Wednesday, April 14, 2010

Brussel Sprouts - Catskill

Botanical name: Brassica oleracea
Other name:

An heirloom from 1941, Catskill is a dwarf variety with high yields. Sprouts are 1.25 to 1.75 inches on 20 to 24 inch plants, dark green and firm.

How to grow
Brussel sprouts grow best in cooler seasons when the temperatures are 5 to 19 degrees Celsius (41 to 66 degrees Fahrenheit). Plant seed 1/2" deep, spaced 3" apart. Rows should be 6" - 8" apart. Thin or transplant seedlings to 18" if necessary when a few inches tall. Keep the soil moist but not soggy until the seeds germinate. After germination, water as needed. Mulch plants when they are 4" to 6" tall to keep the soil cool and to retain moisture. To increase the size of Brussels sprouts pinch 4" - 6" off the top of the plants when the lower sprouts are 1/2".

Harvest when the heads are 1 to 1 1/2 inches in diameter. Plant in spring after the last frost once the soil can be worked or in the mid summer about 12 to 14 weeks before the first frost.

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