Tuesday, July 22, 2008

Coconut Fiber

Coconut fiber or coir is natural fiber taken from by product of coconut husk then cleaned and compressed into bales. Coconut fiber belongs to the category fibers/fibrous materials, Coconut fiber is obtained from the fibrous husk (mesocarp) of the coconut (Cocos nucifera) from the coconut palm, which belongs to the palm family (Palmae). Coconut fibers have high lignin content and thus low cellulose content, as a result of which it is resilient, strong and highly durable. The remarkable lightness of the fibers is due to the cavities arising from the dried out sieve cells. Coconut fiber is the only fruit fiber usable in the textile industry. Coir is obtained by retting for up to 10 months in water followed by sun-drying. Once dry, the fiber is graded into "bristle" fiber (combed, approx. 20 - 40 cm long) and "mattress" fiber (random fibers, approx. 2 - 10 cm long).

This product can be used in place of sphagnum moss in lining wire baskets. Also as a potting medium in cedar baskets or clay orchid pots for orchids and bromeliads. Coconut fiber is excellent to use as a moisture cushion when mounting against cork. Lasts twice as long as moss.

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