Monday, April 14, 2008
Crops at glance
Botanical Name:Coriandrum sativum
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Dhanyaka, Kustumburi
An annual herb, with small, white or pinkish purple flowers borne on compound terminal umbels.
The aromatic odor and taste of coriander fruits is due to an essential oil. The chief constituent of the oil is coriandrol. The fruits are considered anti-microbial, astringent, carminative, diuretic, tonic, stomachic, antibilious, refrigerant and aphrodisiac.
An infusion of the seeds is useful in flatulence, indigestion,vomiting and other intestinal disorders; it is also used in bleeding piles, rheumatism, neuralgia, caphalagia, and locally, in eye-infection. The dried seeds are reported to possess diuretic and aphrodisiac properties. .
Botanical Name:Cucumis sativus
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Trapusha, Sukasa
A trailing or climbing annual, bearing elongated, thick, cylindrical fruits of varying sizes and forms.
The aerial parts of the plant contain a 14a-methyl D-phytosterol. Shikimate dehydrogenase is extracted from cucumber pulp. It helps to keep the facial skin soft, has healing and soothing effect on the damaged skin and exerts a natural sunscreen. It acts as a toner and lightens the facial skin. The seeds are reported to be cooling,tonic and diuretic. The seed kernel (forming 75% of the seeds) is edible and used in confectionery. .